Here’s some simple, straightforward advice.
Variety is Key
Just as a car needs the proper gasoline to make it run, a body needs a healthy diet to develop properly. That means the right balance of protein, carbohydrates, and fat — as well as a host of other nutrients.
When you go on a fad diet and exclude necessary nutrients, you’re putting yourself at risk for becoming ill. Getting too little of any nutrient may not cause an immediate problem. But if it’s lacking for a long time, you may find you have health problems.
Practice Portion Control
Food servings have grown larger and larger over the years. And fast-food restaurants aren’t the only places you’ll find supersized meals. Researchers have noted that from 1970 through the 1990s, portion sizes of hamburgers, burritos, tacos, french fries, sodas, ice cream, pie, cookies, and salty snacks increased — whether the foods were eaten at home or at restaurants.
What does a healthy serving size look like?
- A cup of fruit should be no larger than your fist.
- An ounce of meat or cheese is about the same as the size of your thumb from base to tip.
- 3 ounces of meat, fish, or poultry (a normal serving) is about the size of your palm.
- 1 to 2 ounces of nuts equals your cupped hand.
Here are some simple tricks to scale back your portions (and calories):
- Serve your meals on salad plates instead of large dinner plates.
- Store snack foods in tiny sandwich bags. When ordering out, share your entrée with a friend.
- Ask for a kids’ meal or small size at a fast-food restaurant. Never go for a supersized portion.